Mehta, Saurabh : Small Grant, 2013-2014


Dr. Saurabh Mehta (Nutritional Science), Dr. Rebecca Stoltzfus (Nutritional Science), Dr. Sana Mujahid (Visiting Fellow, Nutritional Sciences)

Project Title: 
Assessment of Hygiene Behaviors and Exposure to Fecal Bacteria among Infants and Young Children in Rural Pakistan for the Development of Improved Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) Interventions
Project Abstract: 
Infants and young children in a number of countries are regularly exposed to fecal bacteria through several vectors in their household. Reduction in exposure to fecal bacteria can have a positive effect not only on the incidence of diarrhea, but may also have a positive effect on the incidence of EE and malnutrition in this population. Accordingly, the goal of this proposal is to assess hygiene behaviors and exposure to fecal bacteria among infants and young children in rural Pakistan in order to identify predominant routes of fecal-oral transmission of bacteria that can inform improved Water, Sanitation and Hygiene (WASH) interventions. The study will be conducted in the World Health Organization (WHO) supported sites in Pakistan. The project will be completed in two phases: Phase I will involve caregiver-child observation and in-depth interviews with mothers and other household members, and Phase II will focus on microbiological analysis of samples collected in the field.​